Monday, May 30, 2011

Merrill C. Tenney on the Gospel

In 1963 Dr. Merrill C. Tenney published an excellent book titled The Reality of the Resurrection in which he discusses "the essence of the gospel". Although the book is now out of print, it is still available to be read online through Open Library (it's free to sign up and borrow it). Why am I excited about this book? Because in contrast to some theologians today, Tenney gets the gospel right! Notice what he says in chapter 4 titled "A DEVELOPING THEOLOGY":
"The cardinal tenets of Christian doctrine which Paul himself illustrated or stressed belonged to the comprehensive body of truth which the church proclaimed. His letters include occasional references to the substance of the message which he preached in pioneer territory. Paul epitomized the substance of his message in his first letter to the Corinthian church. 'For I delivered unto you first of all that which also I received: that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; and that he was buried; and that he hath been raised on the third day according to the scriptures; and that he appeared...' (I Cor. 15:3-5a). He concluded this capsule statement with the words 'So we preach, and so ye believed' (15:11). He claimed that his gospel was accepted by the entire church (Gal. 2:6-10) and that there was no distinction between him and the other preachers, except that his ministry was directed chiefly to the Gentiles, whereas theirs was for the Jews."1

Similarly, in chapter 7 titled "THE THEOLOGY OF THE RESURRECTION," Tenney writes:
"Paul, writing to the Galatian churches, stated that Christ gave Himself for our sins that He might free us from this present evil age (Gal. 1:4). He summarized the essence of the gospel for the Corinthian Christians by saying, 'Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;...he was buried;...he hath been raised on the third day according to the scriptures; and...he appeared...' (I Cor. 15:3-5). The apostle emphasized the theological significance of Christ's death, stating that He 'who knew no sin he [God] made to be sin on our behalf; that we might become the righteousness of God in him' (II Cor. 5:21)."2

Tenney also devotes several pages in his book to discussing the significance of Christ's resurrection from the dead on the third day (Jn. 2:19; Matt. 12:40, 16:21, 17:23, 20:19; Lk. 24:46; Acts 10:40; 1 Cor. 15:4, etc.).3 No-burial gospel advocates ban the truth of the third day from the gospel, but in light of the clear Scriptures on the subject, their belief is truly groundless.4 Tenney affirms that the resurrection of Christ on the third day - like the other elements of the gospel in 1 Corinthians 15:3-5 - is indeed part of "the essence of the gospel".


1 Merrill C. Tenney, The Reality of the Resurrection (New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1963), pp. 68-69, ellipsis his. This book was also published by Moody Press, Chicago. 

2 Ibid., p. 154, ellipsis and brackets his. For further discussion see the article by Merrill C. Tenney published in the March 16, 1959 edition of the Christianity Today magazine titled "The Essence of the Gospel".

3 See chapter 2, "PRE-CHRISTIAN CONCEPTS". (Ibid., pp. 44-46.)

4 For more information and further discussion on the issue of the third day in the Gospel, see the following articles available on the FREE GRACE FREE SPEECH blog:

Saturday, May 28, 2011

The Gospel in 4G Series

By Pastor Rick Adams*

No doubt we have all become familiar with the marketing of 4G technology by the telephone companies promoting their state of the art cell phone service. Have you ever thought about what exactly does 3G or 4G mean?

In the cell phone business the "G" stands for generation...but the marketing relevance or the main difference is speed and the ability of a particular cell phone to use and transfer data!

Romans 1:16 tells us that the Gospel is "the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek." The scriptural and spiritual relevance is obvious! The Gospel that has the power to save is now in our hands! ...Our generation! Acts 1:8; Matt 28:19-20

The Apostle Paul understood this when he said, "For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel! For if I do this thing willingly, I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation of the gospel is committed unto me. 1 Corinthians 9:16-17

Let us understand clearly just what the Gospel message involves! Again Paul defines that for us! "Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:" 1 Cor 15:1-5

"The Gospel in 4G!" is made up of four powerful components:
  • The Death of Jesus Christ - God's Payment for Sin!
  • The Burial of Jesus Christ - God's Proof of Sin Satisfied!
  • The Resurrection of Jesus Christ - God's Promise Fulfilled!
  • The Witnesses of Jesus Christ - God's Purpose Declared!

I will be preaching on each of these themes as Easter Sunday approaches, April 24th.

Every Christian must see our responsibility of sharing the Gospel with this Generation! Mark 16:15

We are living in a day that communication has never been more powerful, easier or quicker! Today, many boast of having the fastest or most powerful technology to communicate around the world!

However, there is no message that has a more powerful potential than the Gospel of Jesus Christ! What are we doing with it? Will you help us get the message out to the Lost! They are waiting on us to share it with them!


"The Gospel in 4G Series" is used by permission. Special thanks to Pastor Rick Adams and Pastor Greg Adams for graciously allowing me to reprint this article.

* Dr. Rick Adams is a graduate of Trinity Baptist College in Jacksonville, Florida. He has served as pastor of Greater Portland Baptist Church since it's beginning in 1982. Pastor Adams has a passion for winning lost souls to Christ and is known as an old-fashioned gospel preacher.

Tuesday, May 3, 2011

"The Resurrection of Our Lord" - by A. T. Pierson

    Let me begin by telling you about a man who probably needs no introduction.[1] He was an American Presbyterian pastor,[2] early fundamentalist leader, and writer of over fifty books including Many Infallible Proofs, The Heart of the Gospel, and Acts of the Holy Spirit. He preached over 13,000 sermons and gave Bible lectures as part of a transatlantic preaching ministry that made him famous in England and Scotland. He was a friend of D. L. Moody and spoke with him at the Northfield Conferences. He lectured at the Moody Bible Institute. He was a speaker at the Keswick Convention. He succeeded C. H. Spurgeon in the pulpit of the Metropolitan Tabernacle in London. He was a friend of George Muller whose biography George Muller of Bristol he wrote. He was a consulting editor for the original Scofield Reference Bible of 1909, and friend of C. I. Scofield. He was a pioneer advocate of faith missions and the leading evangelical advocate of foreign missions in the late 19th century. He was a man whose most notable influence was due to his commitment to orthodoxy. When liberalism began sweeping through the mainline denominations, this individual joined other concerned Christian leaders in publishing "The Fundamentals", a series of essays designed to answer the critics of Christianity. Because of his apologetic abilities, he was invited to write five of the major articles. Since then, this man has often been called the "Father of Fundamentalism".[3] Who is this man? You probably guessed it: his name is A. T. Pierson.
     A. T. Pierson died June 3, 1911 - almost exactly 100 years ago. But "though he is dead, he still speaks" (Heb. 11:4). Notice how this champion of the faith defines the essence of the gospel in his article "The Resurrection of Our Lord".[4] Expounding on 1 Corinthians 15:4, Pierson writes:
"Christianity rests on four facts - the death, burial, rising, and appearing of Christ. This constitutes the essence of the Gospel. Upon a cross and an empty tomb our faith is built."[5]
     Sadly, some modern-day Free Grace people of the Duluthian faction (1 Cor. 11:19) have itching ears for something new (cf. Jer. 6:16; 2 Tim. 4:3).[6] They say that the full gospel of Christ's death, burial, rising, and appearing is "incorrect" and "wrong" - even "heresy"![7] They promote a partial gospel and a new non-buried and never-seen savior.[8] Tragically, their new no-burial gospel is a distortion of the biblical gospel and thus falls under the curse of God (Gal. 1:6-9; cf. 2 Cor. 11:4). A lost and dying world doesn't need some new pop-theology, a sound-byte gospel, or a stripped-down message. Instead, they need the simple, straight-forward, and saving old-fashioned Gospel of the Bible - the message that has been preached by the likes of A. T. Pierson and the apostle Paul (1 Cor. 15:1-5).[9]


[1] Adapted from "Arthur Tappan Pierson," Wikipedia (accessed May 3, 2011).

[2] A Presbyterian who later became a Baptist! See Clinton Macomber, "Arthur Tappan Pierson," Berean Bible Heritage Church (accessed May 3, 2011).

[3] See "Arthur Tappan Pierson," Wikipedia (accessed May 3, 2011).

[4] Arthur T. Pierson, "HELPS AND HINTS, TEXTUAL AND TOPICAL," The Homiletic Review, Vol. 26 (July 1893): pp. 72-73. 

[5] Ibid., p. 72, italics his.

[8] Ibid.

[9] For more information see the article: "Getting the Gospel Right," pp. 27-28; Cf. "The Free Grace Gospel Debate" chart. (See the section titled "Proponents" under the heading "The Glorious Gospel".)

Sunday, May 1, 2011

"What is the Gospel?" - by H. A. Ironside

     The incident referred to in the following paper happened exactly as indicated, and the conversation is as nearly as possible given verbatim though of course I have had to depend upon my memory as I did not take notes; but I can assure the reader that this little tract1 is not fiction in any sense, but an actual statement of fact.     H. A. IRONSIDE

On one occasion there came to my door a young man dressed in the conventional, pseudo-clerical style that readily proclaimed, to one at all acquainted with the so-called Latter-day Saints, that he was a Mormon "elder" - though "younger" might be a more correct term, (1 Pet. 5:5) as scriptural elders were invariably men of years and experience,2 who could care for the flock of God (1 Pet. 5:1-3), but were not to lord it over the people of God as over possessions.
     In the case mentioned, the Mormon introduced himself as a "minister of the gospel, doing missionary work among the mountain towns" of California, and stated that he would be pleased to put before me some of "the principles of the gospel." Intimating that I myself was also seeking to give forth God's good news to poor sinners (1 Tim. 1:15), he was told that if such was indeed his object, I would be glad to converse with him; so bade him be seated.

The Mormon Gospel Stated

     "And now, sir," he was asked, "would you kindly favor us" (a number were present) "with a short statement of what the gospel really is?"
     "Certainly," he replied. "The gospel consists of four first principles. The first is repentance; the second, faith; the third, baptism for the remission of sins by one duly qualified; while the fourth is the laying on of the hands of a man having authority, for the reception of the Holy Ghost."
     "Well, and supposing one has gone through all this, is he then saved?"
     "Oh, of course, no one can know that, in this life. If one goes on to the end, he will be exalted in the kingdom." Thereupon he proceeded to open a little Testament, with which, however, he was but slightly familiar, and pointed us to some proof texts showing conclusively that the Lord and the apostles preached repentance and faith, as also that Peter spoke of "baptism for the remission of sins" (Acts 2:38; let the reader carefully note the verse and its context), and that in at least two instances (Acts 8:14-17; 19:1-6) apostles laid their hands on people in order to their receiving the gift of the Holy Spirit. An effort was also made to find a verse to prove that no one can know he is saved now; but in the face of Eph. 2:4-8; 1 Pet. 1:9; 1 Cor. 1:8; 2 Cor. 2:15; and 2 Tim. 1:9, this was an utter absurdity, though he pointed to Matt. 24:13, "He that endureth to the end, the same shall be saved," in defense of his position.
     As to this, one need only say that endurance certainly is a proof of reality. One who said he was saved, yet did not endure, would thereby prove the emptiness of his profession.3
     "I quite agree with you," I said, "as to the fact that Scripture speaks of the four points you mention; but, possibly, you did not understand my query. I asked you for a statement of the gospel. If these so-called 'four principles' be indeed the gospel, then you have a gospel without Christ; in other words, a gospel with the gospel omitted. And if you are correct, then surely the apostle Paul, at least, labored under a most serious delusion, for he gives us a clear statement of his gospel, and actually says nothing of either one or other of the various points upon which you have dwelt. No doubt you will recollect the passage?"
     He did not, however. He was not aware of any such direct statement on the subject. In fact, it was soon evident that, with the exception of a few verses on his favorite themes, his Bible was practically a sealed book. He turned, however, at my direction, to the fifteenth chapter of 1st Corinthians, to which, for a little, I would invite the reader's careful attention.

Paul's Statement of the Real Gospel

     Commencing at the first verse of this precious and wondrous portion of Scripture, we read: "Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; by which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures" (see Isa. 53:5, 6); "and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures: and that He was seen of Cephas," etc.4
     Here I stopped, as the rest of the passage is devoted to bringing forth the eye-witnesses of Christ in resurrection, and therefore could hardly be considered doctrinal;5 though the reader will derive much benefit by meditation on the entire portion at his leisure.
     "Now," I said, turning to the Mormon, "we have here a statement of the gospel - the gospel which Paul preached; and it is dangerous to preach any other, as we find from Gal. 1:8-9 that the person who does so, though it be an angel from heaven, is under a curse, or devoted to judgment. I understand that you teach that your gospel was revealed to Joseph Smith by an angel. If true, that would prove nothing, if it be found, upon examination, to be other than that proclaimed by the apostle to the Gentiles. His gospel had been received by the Corinthians; in it they stood; by it they were saved, if real believers. It was not, you will notice, a careful obedience to certain ordinances or a walking according to certain rules, such as you mentioned a few minutes ago, that would insure their salvation, however blessed such might be, if properly understood; but it was keeping in memory this gospel.

Two Gospels Contrasted

     "I noticed, then, to begin with, that this gospel is concerning a Person, and quite a different person than yours brings before us. It is 'concerning the Son of God,' as Rom. 1:3 tells us. Your gospel did not have a word about Him in all its four points. The subject of Paul's gospel has not a word about any one or any thing save Him.6 Perhaps we might say it also could be divided into four heads, though more properly three;7 but even divided into four (to go as far with you as we can), what marked differences do we find! Your four heads are all concerning the poor sinner, and might be put this way:

     1. The sinner repents;
     2. The sinner has faith;
     3. The sinner is baptized;
     4. The sinner has hands laid on him.

Now, in contrast to this, see how the true gospel can be put:

     1. Christ died [1 Cor. 15:3];
     2. Christ was buried [1 Cor. 15:4a];
     3. Christ has been raised again [1 Cor. 15:4b];
     4. Christ is the object for the hearts of His own [1 Cor. 15:5].

     "Surely the two gospels have nothing in common. You teach, I believe, that Christ died for Adam's transgression, not for ours; but maintain that while Adamic sin is met by the Cross, our sins as individuals must be washed away by baptism. Paul's gospel tells us that He died for our sins; and if that be so, and 'the blood of Jesus Christ, God's Son, cleanseth us from all sin,' [1 Jn. 1:7] where does baptism in your sense apply? If all my sins are met by His precious blood, if they were borne 'in His own body on the tree' (1 Pet. 2:24), how many are left to be cleansed by baptism? Assuredly none. But, alas, this is but one instance in which the false gospel of Mormonism is opposed to the precious gospel of the grace of God as revealed in the Bible."
     "But I go on to the second point. Christ not only died, but 'was buried' [1 Cor. 15:4]; yet it was written of Him, 'Thou wilt not leave My soul in hell,8 neither wilt Thou suffer Thy Holy One to see corruption' (Acts 2:27; Psa. 16:10). His burial declares the reality of His death, and surely speaks of His being forever through with the place He took on earth. It is the end of all the relationships in which He previously stood, and tells us He is dead to the law - having paid my penalty - and to sin - not His own, but mine - which He bore, and I am 'buried with Him by baptism unto death' [Rom. 6:4]; so that I am not left where Mormonism would leave me, as a poor struggling soul on earth, striving to continue to the end in order to be saved, but I am accounted as one who, with Him, has been buried to it all: thus I am brought to the third point: 
     Christ was raised from the dead, and I am raised with Him. His place is now mine as to acceptance with God. 'He was delivered for our offenses and raised again for9 our justification' [Rom. 4:25]; His resurrection being God's open declaration that the believer is cleared from all charge of sin, since his Substitute is released from death. 
     And now the One who is alive forevermore (Rev. 1:18) is presented as an object for the hearts of His own. 'He was seen' [1 Cor. 15:5, KJV]; and the same apostle exclaims, in another place, 'We see Jesus!' (Heb. 2:9). Poor sinners are first led to see the utter impossibility of improving or rendering themselves more fit for God's presence. The eye of faith is then directed to the One who died, in whom believing, they are 'justified from all things' (Acts 13:38, 39). Now they have also an object for the heart, even Christ in glory (2 Cor. 3:18). How different this from what you have presented! Here,

''Tis Jesus first, 'tis Jesus last, 
'Tis Jesus all the way,'

While you are cast entirely on yourself."

Mormon Doctrine of Authority

     "But now, another question. You spoke of men with authority to baptize and lay on hands. Where do you get that in Scripture?"
     For answer, he turned to Heb. 5:4, and read, "And no man taketh this honor unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron."
     "What 'honor' is here referred to?" I asked.
     "The honor of the priesthood giving authority to baptize and confer the Holy Ghost."
     "No; the first verse contradicts this. It is not a question of the 'priesthood' at all. As all believers now are priests, there is no special priestly class in Christianity, as is clearly shown by referring to Rev. 1:6; and 1 Pet. 2:5, 9. The subject in Heb. 5 is that of High Priesthood, and is referring to the Lord Jesus Christ, called of God, as noted in ver. 6. Nor is there a word about baptism or imposition of hands; but it is a question of 'offering gifts and sacrifices for sins' (ver. 1; also Heb. 2:17), and then of succoring His people in this world of trial. To apply such a scripture to human ministry is simply 'handling the word of God deceitfully,' [2 Cor. 4:2, KJV] and deserves the severest censure."
     Such was, in substance, what I sought to put before the misguided young man; but alas, so deceitful is the human heart, that man would rather be occupied with his repentance, his faith, or his anything, than with God's Christ; and I found this preacher of "a different gospel, which is not another" (Gal. 1:6, 7, margin), to be of the same class as thousands in professed Christendom. The scriptures brought before him had but little weight compared with "present-day revelation," despite the word of Paul in Col. 1:25 that he was made a minister "to fully preach the word of God" (margin); so he went on his way, trusting to his fleshly religion and ignoring the "gospel of God."
     Ere dismissing the subject, I might remind the reader that neither faith nor repentance is ever presented in Scripture as the ground of salvation. The Cross alone is that. Brought to it by the Spirit of God, the sinner will indeed repent; trusting the work there accomplished, the soul is saved.
     Nor are repentance and faith as set forth in the Scriptures to be confounded with the vagaries of Mormonism. In that wretched system repentance is confounded with penitence, and faith with credulity.
     In its Biblical sense, repentance is self-judgment; the owning that one is lost and guilty, righteously deserving the wrath of a holy God. Faith is trusting in Christ, whose finished work puts away sins forever. It is not simply crediting the statement that God exits, or that the historical Jesus was the Son of God. "If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and believe in thy heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shalt be saved; for with the heart man believeth unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation" (Rom. 10:9-10).
     Of you, reader, we would affectionately ask, Are you making the same mistake as the "elder?" You might ridicule the "poor, benighted Mormon," and be amazed at the semi-heathenism taught by his church, but do you, perhaps, trust in something just as hollow, when judged by the book of God?
     Remember: Penances; wrought-up repentance, consisting in peculiar frames, feelings, and renunciations; intellectual acquiescence to the truths of the Bible, miscalled faith; baptism, whether administered by Mormon elder or ordained clergyman; laying on of hands, or any other human rite or divinely prescribed ceremony, will avail nothing for you.
     Christ, and Christ alone, is your only salvation. Discarding all else, fly, then, to Him. "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved" (Acts 16:31).


     In the preceding paper it has been my aim not to follow all the devious errors of Mormonism, and seek to refute them, but rather to endeavor to show how opposed the system is to the gospel of the glory of the blessed God, which He has revealed in His Word.
     It has been suggested, however, that a brief epitome of some of the more important doctrines of the sect on other lines might be helpful in serving as a warning to any who, allured by fair speeches and sophisticated reasonings, are drifting towards its awful vortex.
     The following statements can readily be proven to be part of the weird paganism of this dreadful quasi-religious cult, by examination of the more "advanced" of their publications, though some of them are often denied by the traveling "elders," whose business it is not to alarm by making public the "depths of Satan," but to allure by presenting a creed as near like that of orthodox Christianity as possible. Nothing could be more misleading than the statement of the "doctrines of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints" which is now being circulated by thousands all over the land as their "Articles of Faith." This was compiled by the assumed prophet Joseph Smith in the infancy of the movement, long before "present-day revelation" had introduced many of the vagaries with which it abounds to-day.
     The leading doctrines accepted among them to-day are, briefly, as follows:
     They profess to believe in the Bible, but also to gain additional "light" from the "Book of Mormon," a collection of rubbish which one but needs to scan to see its utter absurdity and incongruity with the word of God. "The Book of Doctrines and Covenants," purporting to be a series of revelations, chiefly to Joseph Smith, is also considered inspired, as is "The Pearl of Great Price," which includes "The Book of Abraham," and other apocryphal works; while "prophets" and "apostles" abound who may at any time give forth further communications, all of equal authority with these. 
     They are really polytheist, and believe that there are many gods, but that all (save possibly the first - as to this their statements are conflicting) were at one time men, but gained their "exaltation" to divinity by their faithfulness in this state. It is the hope of each man to become a god eventually. Their gods are supposed to retain their human forms and functions, including sex.
     It is in connection with this that polygamy comes in. This relationship is carried on eternally. The progeny of the gods and their numerous wives will constitute their "kingdom" in the ages to come. Woman's welfare depends on her being united to one of the faithful.
     Instead of the Biblical doctrine of the Holy Trinity, they teach that there are three distinct Gods, who administer the affairs of the universe. God and Christ are said to have human bodies, parts and passions; while the Holy Ghost is omnipresent and has no body. The Holy Spirit is different, like light or electricity, the life principle of creation.
     The preceding paper has outlined their teaching as to the salvation of the living. They also publicly proclaim salvation for the dead, to whom their kind of "gospel" is being preached, and who can be saved if their friends on earth will be baptized for them.
     As to eschatology, they have a system of prophetic teaching embodying an exceedingly carnal view of the Millennium, ushered in by the return of Christ to regather Israel, including the ten tribes, to a Zion in America (!), and to destroy all the enemies of "the saints." This Zion is identified with Independence, Mo.10 The dead will be raised, and will appear on the earth. Referring to this time, Parley Pratt says, in his "Voice of Warning," "Our father Adam will sit  enthroned as the Ancient of Days," etc., ascribing the words of Dan. 7:9, 10 to refer to him!
     A final judgment will conclude all things; but few will be eternally lost. There are three "degrees of glory," terrestrial, celestial, and telestial. In one of these all will eventually be found, except the "sons of perdition."
     Such a system needs no attempt at refutation. It refutes itself. No child of God, who has at all apprehended the Cross, could be ensnared by it; but it is because many unwary and simple ones, anxious to be saved, but ignorant of God's way, are daily being entrapped by it, that this paper has been penned.
     The Lord use it to deliver many from such "abominable idolatries!" (1 Pet. 4:3).

     PRICE OF THIS TRACT, prepaid: Single copy, 4c; ten, 15c; 100, $1.25; 1,000, $10; special editions of larger numbers, less. 
     Every pastor should take Light on Mormonism, 25c; 10 for $2.50; sample with full Publication List, free. Address, The Utah Gospel Mission, 9277 Amesbury Ave., Cleveland, Ohio, U. S. A.


1 H. A. Ironside, "The Mormon's Mistake, or What is the Gospel?". This tract was originally published around 1896 by Utah Gospel Mission, Cleveland, Ohio. It is not in copyright. This updated edition is complete and unabridged. It has only a few design and punctuation changes. The Scripture references have been updated from Roman numerals to the current format, more footnotes have been added (and made into endnotes), and the layout and page numbers are slightly different. Insertions are bracketed or noted. Editor.

2 See 1 Tim. 3:2-7; noting as shown in Titus 1:5-7, that "elder" and "bishop" are the same; the former word referring to the age of the man; the latter, to his office. As to all this, Mormonism is in dire confusion.

3 I would commend to the notice of the reader who has difficulty here, "Fallen from Grace; or, Castaway," by W. Barker: also, "The Perseverance of the Saints," by F. W. Grant, 5 cents each; to be had of Loizeaux Bros., 19 W. 21st St., New York City.

4 Amazingly, some updated editions of "The Mormon's Mistake" omit this statement regarding the fact that Christ was seen (1 Cor. 15:5) - as well as the entire paragraph which follows! (See above.) Editor.

5 In other words, the resurrection appearances of Christ are not so much "doctrinal" or theological as they are historical - they are historical events. It's important to remember that the gospel is a record of historical events! For further discussion see the article "Getting the Gospel Right," Free Grace Free Speech blog, pp. 19-20 (in the PDF article). Editor.

6 Obviously Paul's gospel makes reference to "our sin" in 1 Corinthians 15:3 and to "Cephas," etc. in 1 Corinthians 15:5 (as Ironside noted in the previous section titled "Paul's Statement of the Real Gospel"). And so when Ironside says: "The subject of Paul's gospel has not a word about any one or any thing save Him," he's simply making the point that Christ alone is the subject of all four verbs in the sentence (1 Cor. 15:3b-5). Raymond F. Collins affirms that the "credal formula which he [Paul] uses on 1 Cor 15:3-5 has Christ as its subject." (Collins, Studies on the First Letter to the Thessalonians, p. 340.) Similarly, Roy E. Ciampa writes: "Christ is the subject of all the verbs from v. 3b to v. 8 except for the two in the relative clause of v. 6b (regarding the five hundred witnesses)." (Ciampa, Brian S. Rosner, The First Letter to the Corinthians [Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2000], p. 744.) Likewise, William R. Newell, who was for some time the Assistant Superintendent at the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago, has stated: "The gospel is all about Christ. Apart from Him, there is no news from heaven apart from coming woe! Read that passage in 1 Corinthians 15:3-5: 'I make known unto you the gospel which I preached unto you: that Christ died, Christ was buried; Christ hath been raised; Christ was seen.' It is all about the Son of God!" (Newell, Romans Verse-By-Verse [Grand Rapids: Kregel Publishers, 1994], p. 6.) More statements by Newell to the same effect can be found in my article "The Historical Credibility of the Gospel" (= "A Brief History of the Biblical Gospel"). Editor.

7 Although Ironside is of the opinion that the gospel is more properly divided into three heads than four, he clearly doesn't have a problem expressing "Paul's Statement of the Real Gospel" in four points as he does here. It's important to remember that the gospel can be divided and outlined in several ways as long as the basic content remains unchanged. For further discussion see "Getting the Gospel Right," Free Grace Free Speech blog, pp. 3-17 (in the PDF article). Editor.

8 I.e. Greek Hades (Hebrew Sheol). Editor.

9 In other words, "because of our justification" (Rom. 4:25, NASB, italics added). Editor.

10 I.e. Missouri. Editor.